NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture

NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture

Edited by Willie Steele

ISSN 1188-9330

eISSN 1534-1844

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NINE studies all historical aspects of baseball, centering on the societal and cultural implications of the game wherever in the world it is played. This journal features articles, essays, book reviews, biographies, oral history, and short fiction pieces.

Table Of Contents

Vol. 30, Nos. 1-2 (Fall-Spring 2021-22)
Special Issue: "Women And Baseball"
Guest Edited by Jean Ardell


The Cheap Seats: A Note from the Editor
Willie Steele

Sharing the Game
Jean Ardell

Diamond Quotes

Dear Frances Crockett
Chris Arvidson

One Prose, One Poem
Bill Meissner

Triple Play
Personal Reviews, Op-ed Pieces, and Polemics from Outside the Purview of the Umpires
Justine Siegal

Ballpark Diaries: Notes from the Field
Janet Marie Smith

Women in Baseball Cards
Tim Wiles

Margaret Villa: A League of Her Own
Richard A. Santillán

How Hammerin’ Hank Greenberg Inspired RBG
Aviva Kempner

I Found Him in Baseball
Leigh Ann Walker

There’s No Dropping the Ball (On Purpose) in Baseball
Kelly Candaele

What is Here Still
Sam Marchiano

Finding Ella
Scott D. Peterson

My Baseball Family
Katherine Murray

The Curve of My Hip
Julie Walls

Legends in Focus
Jean Fruth

Kat Williams

Ladies’ Day at Boston Red Sox Games: How Discounted Admission for Women Impacted Game Schedules
Charlie Bevis

Effa Manley, the Woman in the Hall of Fame
James E. Overmyer

Women on the Field and Money in the Bank: The Business of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League
Lisa Giddings and Michael Haupert

Play Ball: Representations of Women on Vintage Baseball Photo Postcards
Cathy Leogrande and Brian Sheehy

“I Was Happy Just to Be Able to Play Baseball”: Members of the Japanese Women’s National Team Reflect on Their Playing Days
Maki Itoh, Mary A. Hums, and Glenna G. Bower

Remembering Jane Jarvis, the Mets’ One and Only Organist
Lee Lowenfish

Tillie Ford, an Early Black Baseball Pioneer
Paul Spyhalski

Harriet Goodwill Spalding: Baseball’s Pioneering Woman
Keith Spalding Robbins

A Lavender League of Their Own?: Voice and Visibility of Lesbian Ballplayers
Peter Dreier

Louisville Sluggers and Kentucky Rifles: Rediscovery and Celebration of the Bluegrass State’s All-American Girls
Ryan G. Woodward

Book Reviews
1962: Baseball and America in the Time of JFK
Mark McGee

Clubbie: A Minor League Baseball Memoir
Roberta J. Newman

Cobra: A Life of Baseball and Brotherhood
Jorge Iber

Comeback Pitchers: The Remarkable Careers of Howard Ehmke and Jack Quinn
Frank G. Houdek

Double Plays and Double Crosses: The Black Sox and Baseball in 1920
Lee Kluck

Forty Years a Giant: The Life of Horace Stoneham
Jason Cannon

The Giants and Their City: Major League Baseball in San Francisco, 1976–1992
Jennifer J. Asenas and Kevin A. Johnson

Lights, Camera, Fastball: How the Hollywood Stars Changed Baseball
Jon C. Stott

The Best Team Over There: The Untold Story of Grover Cleveland Alexander and the Great War
Dave Bohmer

The Captain: A Memoir
R. Zachary Sanzone

Tony Lazzeri: Yankees Legend and Baseball Pioneer
Thomas R. Mueller

The Chicago Cub Shot for Love: A Showgirl’s Crime of Passion and the 1932 World Series
Mark Jent

Two Sides of Glory: The 1986 Boston Red Sox in Their Own Words
Willie Steele

Submissions & Book Reviews

NINE seeks to promote the study of all historical aspects of baseball and centers on the cultural implications of the game wherever in the world baseball is played. The journal reflects an eclectic approach and does not foster a particular ideological bias.
Manuscripts must be prepared according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17h edition, and should contain endnotes rather than footnotes. If an article prepared in another style is accepted, the author is fully responsible for changing the style to
CMS . Manuscripts prepared in American Psychological Association (APA) style are not acceptable.Simultaneous submissions are not accepted. Authors will be asked to sign a declaration that the submitted work is not being considered for publication elsewhere. No major revisions will be allowed after acceptance. The editor will attempt to have all manuscripts reviewed by two umpires and will respond to the authors within three months of receiving the manuscript. Articles should be between 2,000 and 8,000 words in length and saved as a Microsoft Word or RTF file. All figures and tables must be submitted in camera-ready format and will be printed as is. Please include a short (no more than three sentences) personal bio.

Address submissions to William Steele at
Book reviews are by invitation only.


Editorial Board

Founding Editor

Bill Kirwin
The University of Calgary in Edmonton


Trey Strecker
Louisiana State University

Willie Steele
Lipscomb University

Editorial Board

Jean Hastings Ardell, Corona Del Mar, California

Robert K. Barney, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario

Robert Bellamy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

James E. Brunson III, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois

Adrian Burgos Jr., University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois

Peter Carino, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana

Richard C. Crepeau, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida

Gerald Early, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

Robert K. Fitts, Bronx, New York

Larry Gerlach, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Steven P. Gietschier, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, Missouri

George Gmelch, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Union College, Schenectady, New York

Chris Lamb, Indiana University– Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana

David Mills, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

Mitchell Nathanson, Villanova University School of Law

Roberta Newman, New York University, New York City, New York

James Odenkirk, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

Richard J. Puerzer, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York

Joel Nathan Rosen, Moravian College, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania


Sponsoring Society


Reading List: Migration

This list of peer-reviewed materials features articles on many topics spanning Globalization, Genocide, Religion, Diaspora Communities, and other aspects on the topic of Migration.

Reading List: Sports-Related Controversies, Social Issues, and Scandals

This sprawling list includes peer-reviewed articles on subjects as diverse as the fields of play they revolve around, including Violence in Sports, Gambling & Game Fixing, Drugs & Banned Substances, Mascots & Offensive Imagery, and other controversies.

Reading List: Pandemic

This developing list arose from the COVID-19 pandemic and includes many peer-reviewed articles on topics like Fictional Pandemics, Politics, Cultural Impacts, The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919, and other related areas of study.

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