NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture

NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture

Edited by Willie Steele and David Pegram

ISSN 1188-9330

eISSN 1534-1844


NINE studies all historical aspects of baseball, centering on the societal and cultural implications of the game wherever in the world it is played. This journal features articles, essays, book reviews, biographies, oral history, and short fiction pieces.

Table Of Contents

Volume 31, Number 2, Spring 2023

The Cheap Seats: A Note from the Editor
Willie Steele

Diamond Quotes

Triple Play
Loved It: The Boys of Summer
Karen E. Kubara

Loathed It: The Boys of Summer
Gary Gershman

A Very Live Corpse: How a Military-Industrial Complex Saved Bay Area Baseball during World War I
Jim Leeke

Satchel Paige and the 1948 Pennant Race
Douglas Jordan

Art and the Psychology of Baseball (or Vice Versa)
Jerald (Jay) Thomas
The Negro Leagues Newly Incorporated into Major League Baseball: An Examination of Their Strength and an Evaluation of the Unification
William Wise

Putting Politics Aside: The Congressional Baseball Game
Dylan Garvin and Rick Burton

The Four
Cary Heinz

Baseball’s Most Bizarre Plays: A Roster of the Odd, the Improbable and the Downright Confounding in Major League History
Paul Hensler

Major League Rebels: Baseball Battles over Workers’ Rights and American Empire
Mark McGee

Charlie Murphy: The Iconoclastic Showman behind the Chicago Cubs
James E. Overmyer

Baseball Rebels: The Players, People, and Social Movements That Shook Up the Game and Changed America
Paul Hensler

Pride of the Greyhounds: Ray Legenza and 64 Straight Wins by Connecticut’s Best High School Baseball Team
Jorge Iber

Loserville: How Professional Sports Remade Atlanta—and How Atlanta Remade Professional Sports
Thomas Wolf

American Legion Baseball: A History, 1924–2020
Charlie Bevis

Red Barber: The Life and Legacy of a Broadcasting Legend
Alan L. Griggs

Stumbling around the Bases: The American League’s Mismanagement in the Expansion Era
David M. Pegram

Swing and a Hit: Nine Innings of What Baseball Taught Me
Anna R. Newton

The Saga of Sudden Sam: The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of Sam McDowell
David Bohmer

Whispers of the Gods: Tales from Baseball’s Golden Age, Told by the Men Who Played It
R. Zachary Sanzone

Stolen Dreams: The 1955 Cannon Street All-Stars and Little League Baseball’s Civil War
Chad S. Wise

Submissions & Book Reviews

NINE seeks to promote the study of all historical aspects of baseball and centers on the cultural implications of the game wherever in the world baseball is played. The journal reflects an eclectic approach and does not foster a particular ideological bias.
Manuscripts must be prepared according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17h edition, and should contain endnotes rather than footnotes. If an article prepared in another style is accepted, the author is fully responsible for changing the style to
CMS . Manuscripts prepared in American Psychological Association (APA) style are not acceptable.Simultaneous submissions are not accepted. Authors will be asked to sign a declaration that the submitted work is not being considered for publication elsewhere. No major revisions will be allowed after acceptance. The editor will attempt to have all manuscripts reviewed by two umpires and will respond to the authors within three months of receiving the manuscript. Articles should be between 2,000 and 8,000 words in length and saved as a Microsoft Word or RTF file. All figures and tables must be submitted in camera-ready format and will be printed as is. Please include a short (no more than three sentences) personal bio.

Address submissions to William Steele at
Book reviews are by invitation only.


Editorial Board

Founding Editor

Bill Kirwin
The University of Calgary in Edmonton


Trey Strecker
Louisiana State University

Willie Steele
Lipscomb University

Editorial Board

Jean Hastings Ardell, Corona Del Mar, California

Robert K. Barney, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario

Robert Bellamy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

James E. Brunson III, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois

Adrian Burgos Jr., University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois

Peter Carino, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana

Richard C. Crepeau, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida

Gerald Early, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

Robert K. Fitts, Bronx, New York

Larry Gerlach, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Steven P. Gietschier, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, Missouri

George Gmelch, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Union College, Schenectady, New York

Chris Lamb, Indiana University– Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana

David Mills, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

Mitchell Nathanson, Villanova University School of Law

Roberta Newman, New York University, New York City, New York

James Odenkirk, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

Richard J. Puerzer, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York

Joel Nathan Rosen, Moravian College, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania


Sponsoring Society


Reading List: Migration

This list of peer-reviewed materials features articles on many topics spanning Globalization, Genocide, Religion, Diaspora Communities, and other aspects on the topic of Migration.

Reading List: Sports-Related Controversies, Social Issues, and Scandals

This sprawling list includes peer-reviewed articles on subjects as diverse as the fields of play they revolve around, including Violence in Sports, Gambling & Game Fixing, Drugs & Banned Substances, Mascots & Offensive Imagery, and other controversies.

Reading List: Pandemic

This developing list arose from the COVID-19 pandemic and includes many peer-reviewed articles on topics like Fictional Pandemics, Politics, Cultural Impacts, The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919, and other related areas of study.

Reading List: Latin American Studies

Articles on a variety of topics related to the field of Latin American Studies.

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