Edited by Willie Steele

ISSN 1188-9330

eISSN 1534-1844

Purchasing options

Muse Logo


NINE studies all historical aspects of baseball, centering on the societal and cultural implications of the game wherever in the world it is played. This journal features articles, essays, book reviews, biographies, oral history, and short fiction pieces.

Table Of Contents

Volume 26, Nos. 1&2, Fall-Spring 2017-2018

Diamond Quotes

Pitching Patriotism: Fourth of July Baseball in the Late Nineteenth Century
Adam J. Criblez

The First Japanese Professionals: Guy Green’s 1906 Japanese Base Ball Team
Robert K. Fitts

Orval Overall: A Forgotten Pitcher from the Cubs’ Dynastic Past
Jason Cannon

Finding the “Real” in 1922: Dixon, Lardner, Broun, and the “Great Cultural Divide”
Scott D. Peterson

Carl Yastrzemski: Baseball’s White Rabbit
Zach Sanzone

Baseball’s Blues: An Analysis of the Recommendations of the Blue-Ribbon Panel
Michael J. Haupert and Kenneth Winter

The Utilization of Statistical Data by the Chicago White Sox Organization: An Historical Analysis
Alan S. Kornspan

Béisbol as Part of “Una Vida en Común en la Frontera”: The Career and Significance of Eduardo Ortega, the Voz of the San Diego Padres
Jorge Iber

Philip Roth, Trick E. Dixon, and Curt Flood: Baseball as Satire in the Tradition of Jonathan Swift
Ron Briley

Triple Play
Baseball and America’s Founding Fathers: Thomas Jefferson and “Games Played With the Ball”
Alan H. Levy

Sam Nahem: The Right-Handed Lefty Who Integrated Military Baseball in World War II
Peter Dreier

My Year in the Big Leagues
Rob Sheinkopf

Fake History? Charles Leerhsen and the Redemption of Ty Cobb
Steven Elliott Tripp

I Don’t Care If I Never Get Back
Earl J. Wilcox

Book Reviews
The Page Fence Giants: A History of Black Baseball’s Pioneering Champions
Jim Overmyer

The Age of Ruth and Landis: The Economics of Baseball during the Roaring Twenties
Steven P. Gietschier

Babe Ruth and the Creation of the Celebrity Athlete
Frank G. Houdek

The Integration of the Pacific Coast League: Race and Baseball on the West Coast
David Lucander

A Season in the Sun: The Rise of Mickey Mantle
Ron Briley

God Almighty Hisself: The Life and Legacy of Dick Allen
Michael Haupert

Baseball and American Culture
Justin W. R. Turner

Pastime Lost: The Humble, Original, and Now Completely Forgotten Game of English Baseball
Jason Cannon

They Bled Blue: Fernandomania, Strike-Season Mayhem, and the Weirdest Championship Baseball Had Ever Seen—The 1981 Los Angeles Dodgers
Frank G. Houdek

Full Count: The Education of a Pitcher
Lynn Griffith

Almost Yankees: The Summer of ’81 and the Greatest Baseball Team You’ve Never Heard Of
Willie Steele

Reclaiming 42: Public Memory and the Reframing of Jackie Robinson’s Radical Legacy
Thomas Wolf

Home Team: The Turbulent History of the San Francisco Giants
Paul K. Howard

Here’s the Pitch: The Amazing, True, New, and Improved Story of Baseball and Advertising
Mark McGee

Here’s the Catch: A Memoir of the Miracle Mets and More
George Skornickel

The MVP Machine: How Baseball’s New Nonconformists are Using Data to Build Better Players
Allison R. Levin

From the Dugouts to the Trenches: Baseball During the Great War
Ed Edmonds

Submissions & Book Reviews

NINE seeks to promote the study of all historical aspects of baseball and centers on the cultural implications of the game wherever in the world baseball is played. The journal reflects an eclectic approach and does not foster a particular ideological bias.
Manuscripts must be prepared according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17h edition, and should contain endnotes rather than footnotes. If an article prepared in another style is accepted, the author is fully responsible for changing the style to
CMS . Manuscripts prepared in American Psychological Association (APA) style are not acceptable.Simultaneous submissions are not accepted. Authors will be asked to sign a declaration that the submitted work is not being considered for publication elsewhere. No major revisions will be allowed after acceptance. The editor will attempt to have all manuscripts reviewed by two umpires and will respond to the authors within three months of receiving the manuscript. Articles should be between 2,000 and 8,000 words in length and saved as a Microsoft Word or RTF file. All figures and tables must be submitted in camera-ready format and will be printed as is. Please include a short (no more than three sentences) personal bio.

Address submissions to William Steele at
Book reviews are by invitation only.

Call for Papers: "Baseball is . . ."

The baseball season may be delayed, but our love for baseball is always present. That is why NINE will have a special issue dedicated to the connections between the sport and its fans. Essays will be accepted for consideration through July 19, 2020. More information on how to submit your story is available here.

Editorial Board

Founding Editor

Bill Kirwin
The University of Calgary in Edmonton


Trey Strecker
Louisiana State University

Willie Steele
Lipscomb University

Editorial Board

Jean Hastings Ardell, Corona Del Mar, California

Robert K. Barney, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario

Robert Bellamy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

James E. Brunson III, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois

Adrian Burgos Jr., University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois

Peter Carino, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana

Richard C. Crepeau, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida

Gerald Early, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

Robert K. Fitts, Bronx, New York

Larry Gerlach, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Steven P. Gietschier, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, Missouri

George Gmelch, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Union College, Schenectady, New York

Chris Lamb, Indiana University– Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana

David Mills, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

Mitchell Nathanson, Villanova University School of Law

Roberta Newman, New York University, New York City, New York

James Odenkirk, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

Richard J. Puerzer, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York

Joel Nathan Rosen, Moravian College, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania


Call for Papers: Women and Baseball

Ever since baseball has been played, women have sought to take part in the game. Despite substantial societal resistance, some succeeded. We are pleased to announce that a double issue of NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture, devoted to women’s history and experiences in baseball, is scheduled for spring 2022. Submissions will be accepted through November 30, 2020. Additional information is available here.


Call for Papers: "Baseball is . . ."

The baseball season may be delayed, but our love for baseball is always present. That is why NINE will have a special issue dedicated to the connections between the sport and its fans. Essays will be accepted for consideration through July 19, 2020. More information on how to submit your story is available here.

Sponsoring Society


Syllabus Builder: Migration

Our Syllabus Builder resource sheets are intended to assist instructors looking for supplemental materials and students seeking ideas for research papers by providing links to a variety of peer-reviewed articles online.

Useful Links

Recommend This Journal

Recommend this Journal to Your Library

Libraries face a dilemma: the number of books, journals, and other information resources available to offer to their patrons is growing faster than their acquisitions budgets. Decisions about which new materials to add in a given year are influenced by a number of factors, not the least of which are whether they are aware of the existence of a resource and the value that resource would bring to those who rely on the library. Librarians often appreciate the input of users in gathering the information they need to make those evaluations. There is no one right way to share information about a particular journal with a library. Some institutions have formal procedures for submitting acquisition requests, others rely on regular communication between subject area librarians and the departments they serve, and some have no specifically defined method. You are in the best position to determine the most appropriate method for approaching your library with a request for the addition of a journal to its collection. However, we have developed a library recommendation form as one tool you can use to provide your library with relevant information. The form contains basic information about the journal: a description, its print and electronic ISSNs, frequency of publication, pricing, print and electronic options, and ordering information. It also includes a few questions for you to complete that address your evaluation of the journal's value. If you choose to use the form, fill it out then send it to the appropriate individual at your library. Do not return it to the University of Nebraska Press.

Single Issues

View All Issues