Edited by Willie Steele

ISSN 1188-9330

eISSN 1534-1844

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NINE studies all historical aspects of baseball, centering on the societal and cultural implications of the game wherever in the world it is played. This journal features articles, essays, book reviews, biographies, oral history, and short fiction pieces.

Table Of Contents

Volume 25, Numbers 1 & 2 (Fall-Spring, 2016-2017)


Painting Baseball
Joseph Stanton

Old Timers’ Games: A Transformation from Player Benefits Events to Clubs’ Historical Celebrations and the Rise of a Baseball Goodwill Communion
Keith Spalding Robbins

“What’s Universal and Unique?” Or How Can a Culturally Circumscribed Museum Exhibition Provide Inclusive Meaning?
William Harris Ressler and Noa Ran-Ressler

The Pacific Coast League Scandal of 1919: “Prince Hal” Chase Had Nothing on Babe Borton
Al Figone

Four Guys from Birmingham: A Paradigm for Understanding the White Southern Response to Integration
John N. Ingham

W. P. Kinsella’s Butterfly Winter: Towards Gothic Baseball Fiction
Chifen Lu

Turns at Bat: Baseball and the United States in Dominican Literature and Print Culture
P. Eric Henager

Kenneth Goldsmith’s Sports and Conceptual Baseball Writing
Justin D. Edwards

Triple Play: Personal Reviews, Op-ed Pieces, and Polemics from Outside the Purview of the Umpires

My Eighty-Two Year Love Affair with Fenway Park: From Teddy Ballgame to Mookie Betts
Larry Ruttman

Book Reviews
National Pastime: U.S. History Through Baseball
David Lucander

Kansas Baseball, 1858–1941
Charlie Bevis

A History of Badger Baseball: The Rise and Fall of America’s Pastime at the University of Wisconsin
Lee Lowenfish

Nine Innings for the King: The Day Wartime London Stopped for Baseball, July 4, 1918
Rob Edelman

Urban Shocker: Baseball’s Silent Hero
Ed Edmonds

Casey Stengel: Baseball’s Greatest Character
Rob Edelman

Black Ball and the Boardwalk: The Bacharach Giants of Atlantic City, 1916–1929
Rob Edelman

The Culture of Sports in the Harlem Renaissance
Ron Kates

Ed Bolden and Black Baseball in Philadelphia
Michael Haupert

Lefty O’Doul: Baseball’s Forgotten Ambassador
C. Paul Rogers III

Leo Durocher: Baseball’s Prodigal Son
Robert F. Garratt

Hugh Casey: The Triumphs and Tragedies of a Brooklyn Dodger
C. Paul Rogers III

The Pride of the Yankees: Lou Gehrig, Gary Cooper, and the Making of a Classic
Rob Edelman

The All-American Girls After the AAGPBL: How Playing Pro Ball Shaped Their Lives
Amy Essington

City of Dreams: Dodger Stadium and the Birth of Modern Los Angeles
Andy McCue

The New Boys of Summer: Baseball’s Radical Transformation in the Late Sixties
Frank C. Houdek

The 1967 American League Pennant: Four Teams, Six Weeks, One Winner
Paul Hensler

The Year of the Pitcher: Bob Gibson, Denny McLain, and the End of Baseball’s Golden Age
Douglas K. Lehman

Fate’s Take-Out Slide: A Baseball Scout Recalls Can’t-Miss Prospects Who Did
Rob Edelman

Baseball Meets the Law: A Chronology of Decisions, Statutes, and Other Legal Events
Robert Bellamy

The Love of Baseball: Essays by Lifelong Fans
William Harris Ressler

Making My Pitch: A Woman’s Baseball Odyssey
Ron Briley

Imploding the Memories
Kevin Hogg

Submissions & Book Reviews

NINE seeks to promote the study of all historical aspects of baseball and centers on the cultural implications of the game wherever in the world baseball is played. The journal reflects an eclectic approach and does not foster a particular ideological bias.
Manuscripts must be prepared according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17h edition, and should contain endnotes rather than footnotes. If an article prepared in another style is accepted, the author is fully responsible for changing the style to
CMS . Manuscripts prepared in American Psychological Association (APA) style are not acceptable.Simultaneous submissions are not accepted. Authors will be asked to sign a declaration that the submitted work is not being considered for publication elsewhere. No major revisions will be allowed after acceptance. The editor will attempt to have all manuscripts reviewed by two umpires and will respond to the authors within three months of receiving the manuscript. Articles should be between 2,000 and 8,000 words in length and saved as a Microsoft Word or RTF file. All figures and tables must be submitted in camera-ready format and will be printed as is. Please include a short (no more than three sentences) personal bio.

Address submissions to William Steele at
Book reviews are by invitation only.

Call for Papers: "Baseball is . . ."

The baseball season may be delayed, but our love for baseball is always present. That is why NINE will have a special issue dedicated to the connections between the sport and its fans. Essays will be accepted for consideration through July 19, 2020. More information on how to submit your story is available here.

Editorial Board

Founding Editor

Bill Kirwin
The University of Calgary in Edmonton


Trey Strecker
Louisiana State University

Willie Steele
Lipscomb University

Editorial Board

Jean Hastings Ardell, Corona Del Mar, California

Robert K. Barney, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario

Robert Bellamy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

James E. Brunson III, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois

Adrian Burgos Jr., University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois

Peter Carino, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana

Richard C. Crepeau, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida

Gerald Early, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

Robert K. Fitts, Bronx, New York

Larry Gerlach, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Steven P. Gietschier, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, Missouri

George Gmelch, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Union College, Schenectady, New York

Chris Lamb, Indiana University– Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana

David Mills, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

Mitchell Nathanson, Villanova University School of Law

Roberta Newman, New York University, New York City, New York

James Odenkirk, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

Richard J. Puerzer, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York

Joel Nathan Rosen, Moravian College, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania


Call for Papers: "Baseball is . . ."

The baseball season may be delayed, but our love for baseball is always present. That is why NINE will have a special issue dedicated to the connections between the sport and its fans. Essays will be accepted for consideration through July 19, 2020. More information on how to submit your story is available here.


Sponsoring Society


Syllabus Builder: Migration

Our Syllabus Builder resource sheets are intended to assist instructors looking for supplemental materials and students seeking ideas for research papers by providing links to a variety of peer-reviewed articles online.

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