Edited by Willie Steele

ISSN 1188-9330

eISSN 1534-1844

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NINE studies all historical aspects of baseball, centering on the societal and cultural implications of the game wherever in the world it is played. This journal features articles, essays, book reviews, biographies, oral history, and short fiction pieces.

Table Of Contents

Vol. 29, Nos. 1-2 (Fall-Spring 2020-21)


The Cheap Seats: A Note from the Editor
Willie Steele

Diamond Quotes

Five Poems
Walter Biskupski

Triple Play
The Throes of My Addiction
Rick Burton

Black Baseball History Matters
Brian Carroll

Baseball Connections
John Shorey

It’s About The Moments: What Baseball Means to Me
J. David Pincus

The Enigma of Being a Cleveland Indians Fan
Timothy J. Jurkovac

Quarantining With(out) the Houston Astros, Part 2: Astrodome Addition/Edition
Phillip Luke Sinitiere

Spring Training at the End of the World
Richard Black

My Friends Bobby Brown and Eddie Robinson
C. Paul Rogers III

Have to Write a Baseball Story Sometime: Hemingway, the Busher, and The Old Man and the Sea
Scott D. Peterson

The Universal Language: Baseball in The Twilight Zone
Robert M. Gorman

Games about the Game: A History of Tabletop Baseball
Adam Criblez

This is the Way: The Baltimore Orioles, the Oriole Way, and the Influence of Harry Dalton from 1969 to 1971
Lee Kluck

Taking Your LUMPs: Major League Baseball’s History of Pitchers Failing to Retire a Single Batter in an Outing
Josh Chetwynd

Rules for Baseball Radicals: How Jim Bouton and Ball Four Changed the Narrative of Baseball
Mitchell Nathanson

Eddie Cicotte: The Life and Career of the Banned White Sox Pitcher
David Bohmer

Wits, Flakes, and Clowns: The Colorful Characters of Baseball
Paul Hensler

50 at 50: The Fifty Most Important Contributions to the Game
David Pegram

¡Pleibol! In the Barrios and in the Big Leagues/En Los Barrios y Las Grandes Ligas
Jorge Iber

A Year of Playing Catch: What a Simple Daily Experiment Taught Me About Life
Anna R. Newton

The Baseball Bat: From Trees to the Major Leagues, 19th Century to Today
Jennifer Asenas and Kevin Johnson

The Spaceman Chronicles: The Life of the Earthling Named Bill Lee
R. Zachary Sanzone

The National Baseball Hall of Fame Collection: Celebrating the Game’s Greatest Players
Aaron Burtch

How Baseball Happened: Outrageous Lies Exposed! The True Story Revealed
Mark McGee

The Hall Ball: One Fan’s Journey to Unite Cooperstown Immortals with a Single Baseball
Mark Jent

Negro Leaguers and the Hall of Fame: The Case for Inducting 24 Overlooked Ballplayers
Chad S. Wise

The Incredible Women of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League
Willie Steele

Submissions & Book Reviews

NINE seeks to promote the study of all historical aspects of baseball and centers on the cultural implications of the game wherever in the world baseball is played. The journal reflects an eclectic approach and does not foster a particular ideological bias.
Manuscripts must be prepared according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17h edition, and should contain endnotes rather than footnotes. If an article prepared in another style is accepted, the author is fully responsible for changing the style to
CMS . Manuscripts prepared in American Psychological Association (APA) style are not acceptable.Simultaneous submissions are not accepted. Authors will be asked to sign a declaration that the submitted work is not being considered for publication elsewhere. No major revisions will be allowed after acceptance. The editor will attempt to have all manuscripts reviewed by two umpires and will respond to the authors within three months of receiving the manuscript. Articles should be between 2,000 and 8,000 words in length and saved as a Microsoft Word or RTF file. All figures and tables must be submitted in camera-ready format and will be printed as is. Please include a short (no more than three sentences) personal bio.

Address submissions to William Steele at
Book reviews are by invitation only.


Editorial Board

Founding Editor

Bill Kirwin
The University of Calgary in Edmonton


Trey Strecker
Louisiana State University

Willie Steele
Lipscomb University

Editorial Board

Jean Hastings Ardell, Corona Del Mar, California

Robert K. Barney, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario

Robert Bellamy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

James E. Brunson III, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois

Adrian Burgos Jr., University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois

Peter Carino, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana

Richard C. Crepeau, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida

Gerald Early, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

Robert K. Fitts, Bronx, New York

Larry Gerlach, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Steven P. Gietschier, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, Missouri

George Gmelch, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Union College, Schenectady, New York

Chris Lamb, Indiana University– Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana

David Mills, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

Mitchell Nathanson, Villanova University School of Law

Roberta Newman, New York University, New York City, New York

James Odenkirk, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

Richard J. Puerzer, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York

Joel Nathan Rosen, Moravian College, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania


Sponsoring Society


Reading List: Migration

This list of peer-reviewed materials features articles on many topics spanning Globalization, Genocide, Religion, Diaspora Communities, and other aspects on the topic of Migration.

Reading List: Sports-Related Controversies, Social Issues, and Scandals

This sprawling list includes peer-reviewed articles on subjects as diverse as the fields of play they revolve around, including Violence in Sports, Gambling & Game Fixing, Drugs & Banned Substances, Mascots & Offensive Imagery, and other controversies.

Reading List: Pandemic

This developing list arose from the COVID-19 pandemic and includes many peer-reviewed articles on topics like Fictional Pandemics, Politics, Cultural Impacts, The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919, and other related areas of study.

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